Interestingly, Novartis, Vertex, Shire, John & Johnson or Celgene are all pharmaceutical companies. It seems they are employing a small group of lobbies in which Edelman Public Relations Worldwide, Rohde Public Policy, FTI Consulting and APCO Wolrdwide are featured prominently.
Unfortunately, the data in the Registry is not standardized. Even though lobbies have to list their customers, the experts groups they attend or the organization they are member of, in practice this information is hard to use. There is still a lot to do to really enforce transparency. Open Interests for example is combing different data sources to map the relationships between the actors involved in lobbying, expert groups, public expenditure and procurement. Others have tried different approaches to visualize the impact of lobbies.
We have seen that graph visualization can help us identify the relationships between the lobbies and their customers.